Natural Vegetation


Human Economic Activities

Toronto's Impact on the Mixedwood Plains

Connections Within the Mixedwood Plains



A large amount of animals are found in the Mixedwood plains. Wildlife in this region varies from chipmunks, squirrels and raccoons from your neighbourhood to black bears, and deer you could find in the wild. In total, there are more than hundreds of species of birds, fish, reptiles, and mammals in the Mixedwood plains.


The fish was one of the mean reasons that lured our Canadian ancestors into the Mixedwood plains region. The great lakes and other separate rivers, which also provided water transportation, had abundant amounts of fish in them. In the past, the lakes had many fish like the lake trout, whitefish, and the sturgeon, which lived at the bottom of the lake. However, over fishing in these lakes created a major decline in the number of these types of fish in these lakes. Eventually, fishers had to resort to different types of non-native fish (fish that weren’t native to Canada) Currently, the St. Lawrence River is one the lakes in Canada that holds the largest amounts of different species of fish, including the Beluga Whale.


There are quite a few species of birds in Canada. Most of them, you could see in your backyard but some are extremely rare. Birds of prey, like the Red-shoulder hawk, screech owl, and the copper’s hawk, do not like the city environment; therefore, not many of them are found in Canada. However, common inhabitants in the urban surrounding include the blue jay, cardinals, red-winged blackbird, purple finch, and the sedge wren. City-dwellers to do have many chances to see the birds that live in the forests like the wood thrush, morning dove, several types of woodpeckers, and the northern bobwhite. The Canada goose, several types of herons, ducks, and the mallard are some of the species of waterfowl (birds that live in water). These birds live in the remaining wetlands in the Mixedwood plains.


A few species of reptiles and amphibians are found in the Mixedwood plains. A few species of snakes, turtles, salamanders, newts, mudpuppies, and frogs are found in moist areas. These reptiles hardly ever roam into urban areas and usually cause no trouble.

Animals are found virtually all over the Mixedwood plains. Whether it is the squirrels in your backyards, or the bears out in the wilderness, all of these different animals make it seems as if we are never completely away from any type of wildlife while living in the Mixedwood plains. People living in the urban regions of the Mixedwood plains would usually find chipmunks, squirrels, mice and raccoons in their backyards. Beavers, black bears, foxes, bobcats, muskrats, deer, mouse, groundhogs are found in more remote areas of the Mixedwood plains.

A Joshua Liu and Timothy Yip Production 2003-2004
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